How can the expansion of small and medium enterprises in lower‐income countries be best supported? Here are some of the questions I will be submitting: • What place is there (if any) for the profit motive in the provision of basic services such as primary healthcare and... • Why is human dignity so little discussed in international development … Urban-rural co-development plays an increasingly important role in a community’s sustainable urbanization. How do different actors and agencies deal with conflicts between competing rights’ categories and rights’ holders, and how can these conflicts be addressed? Workshop participants submitted approximately a third of questions (35%), with those who were made aware of the project via social media or word of mouth contributing a similar amount (30%). What happens to national NGOs and civil society after international aid is declining or withdrawn? What can be learned from successful examples of large‐scale commercial agriculture's role in incentivising more sustainable forms of production? The challenge of doing so has led to a realisation that transdisciplinary efforts for knowledge co‐production combining the expertise of academics, practitioners and policy‐makers are needed to design problem‐driven, usable and solution‐oriented approaches. A political‐ philosophical exchange, Theory and Policy in International Development: Human development and capability approach and the Millennium Development Goals, Capacity for Development: New solutions to old problems, Varieties of Participation in Democratic Governance, Migration, Development and the “Migration and Development Nexus”, Base Sustainable Development Goals on Science, Sustainable Development for People and Planet, Food Security: The challenge of feeding 9 billion people, Good Enough Governance: Poverty reduction and reform in developing countries, Neoliberal Environments: False promises and unnatural consequences, Mineral‐rents and the Financing of Social Policy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Climate Change 2014: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability, Conceptualising the CSR and Development Debate. The inclusion of long‐standing questions in the shortlist highlights the intractability of certain issues and the necessity for them to remain central in future research agendas. Although individuals and organisations based in Africa, Latin America and Asia‐Pacific proposed about a quarter of all questions submitted to the consultation, we witnessed relatively low response rates (~5%) from the wide range of organisations and individuals that were invited to take part during the consultation phase. Academics Stand Against Poverty (ASAP), United States, Africa Research Institute, United Kingdom, Association of Commonwealth Universities, United Kingdom, British NGOs for Overseas Development (BOND), United Kingdom, Building and Social Housing Foundation, United Kingdom, Bureau of Integrated Rural Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana, CARE International, United Kingdom and Ethiopia, Catholic Aid Agency for England and Wales (CAFOD), United Kingdom, Centre for Engineering and Industrial Design (CIDESI), Mexico, Centre for HIV Prevention and Research, Kenya, Centre for the Development of People, Ghana, Centro de Estudios de la Realidad Eonómica y Social (CERES), Bolivia, Clash International, Ghana and United States, Coordinadora Latinoamericana y del Caribe de Pequeños Productores de Comercio Justo, Colombia, Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), Germany, Foundation Adamfo Ghana, The Netherlands and United Kingdom, International Institute for Environment and Development, United Kingdom, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), France, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Nepal, International Civil Society Centre, Germany, International Forestry Resources and Institutions (IFRI) Network, United States, India and Uganda, International HIV/AIDs Alliance, United Kingdom, International NGO Training and Research Centre, United Kingdom, International Rescue Committee, United States, Irise International, United Kingdom and Uganda, London International Development Centre (LIDC), United Kingdom, Netherlands Organisation for International Cooperation in Higher Education (NUFFIC), The Netherlands, Overseas Development Institute, United Kingdom, Pan African Institute for Development ‐ West Africa (PAID‐WA), Cameroon, Planet Earth Institute, United Kingdom and Angola, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Peru (PUCP), Peru, Recrear International Youth Organisation, Canada, Royal College of Pediatrics and Child Health International, United Kingdom, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), United Kingdom, Secretariat of the International Land Coalition, Italy, The James Hutton Institute, United Kingdom, The Postharvest Education Foundation, United States, UK Collaborative on Development Sciences (UKCDS), United Kingdom, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Bolivia, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Argentina, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Slovakia, United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), Kyrgystan, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Switzerland, Universidad Federal Fluminense (UFF), Brazil, University College London, United Kingdom, Volunteer Service Overseas (VSO), United Kingdom, Women's Global Network for Reproductive Rights (WGNRR), The Philippines. What has been the impact of the ‘Girl Effect’. 1B). Each session proposed between 18–25 ‘gold’‐ranked questions, 9–11 ‘silver’‐ranked questions and 8–11 ‘bronze’‐ranked questions. Measuring long‐term trends in policy coherence for development. International transdisciplinary research initiatives, such as Future Earth,11 Structural change, social policy, and politics, Gender, Armed Conflict and the Search for Peace, Gender Equality. How can the direct and indirect contributions of urban agriculture be maximised to create more food secure and sustainable cities? As blockchain has trust, openness and transparency built into its design, its benefits are wide-ranging and impact multiple Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). If Not the Millennium Development Goals, Then What? Priorities for science to support national implementation of the sustainable development goals: A review of progress and gaps, Development policies, practices and institutions. 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