Even we consume eggs from birds like the hen, turkey, etc. Number of families, species, medicinal and magical uses by taxonomic category. An amino acid from hair that can come from animals. Voucher specimens were deposited at the Faculty of Sciences and Technology of Dassa. Lancet Infect Dis. Laboratory of Applied Entomology, Faculty of Sciences and Technology of Dassa (FAST-Dassa), National University of Sciences, Technologies, Engineering and Mathematics of Abomey (UNSTIM), BP, 14, Dassa-Zoumé, Benin, Laura Estelle Yêyinou Loko, Azize Orobiyi & Joelle Toffa, Medicinal and Organic Chemistry Laboratory, Faculty of Health Sciences, 01, BP, 188, Cotonou, Benin, Laboratory of Physics and Synthesis Organic Chemistry (LaCOPS), Faculty of Sciences and Techniques (FAST), University of Abomey-Calavi, BP, 4521, Cotonou, Benin, Laboratoire de Physiologie Animale de Signalisation Cellulaire et de Pharmacologie, FAST-Dassa, UNSTIM, BP, 34, Dassa Zoumé, Benin, Laboratoire des maladies infectueuses à transmission vectorielle, Institut Régional de Santé Publique, University of Abomey-Calavi, BP, 384, Ouidah, Benin, You can also search for this author in Oyo State. Wild mammals trade for zootherapeutic and mythic purposes in Benin (West Africa): capitalizing species involved, provision sources, and implications or conservation. Alves RRN, Neto NAL, Brooks SE, Albuquerque UP. Insects occupied 64.7% of the total invertebrates listed. However, studies on their therapeutic use has been neglected and their magical–religious purposes are poorly understood. The African earthworm Eudrilus eugeniae K. and African giant snail Achatina achatina L. had the highest use values. Mutum. Taye OR. The scarcity of invertebrates during dry season was the main constraint for traditional healers (40.4% of responses) and surveyed households (46.2% of responses), while very low demand of certain invertebrates was the most important constraint for medicinal animals merchants (81.8% of responses). 2013;146:75–82 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2012.11.011. Some strains of rats and mice are susceptible to diseases such as … 2015;11:1–13 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-015-0001-y. However, the African earthworm E. eugeniae and giant land snail A. achatina had presented the highest use value.  also reported a similar use of A. achatina by inhabitants of southern Benin for wound healing, to treat epilepsy and difficult childbirth. Google Scholar. Diseases of the blood or blood-forming organs have presented the most important ICF. Sedentary animals like sponges, corals, tunicates and others are good places to begin because they are often abundant, easy to harvest, have many species, and protect or defend themselves mainly through chemical means. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-019-0344-x, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-019-0344-x. Jacobo-Salcedo Mdel R, Alonso-Castro AJ, Zarate-Martinez A. A practical approach to backyard snail farming. Written By Dr. Steve Katona, Managing Director, Ocean Health Index. 2006;2:11. https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-2-11. We thank anonymous reviewers for their comments on previous versions of the manuscript. Tchibozo S, Motte-Florac E. Animaux medicinaux du Benin: des drogues anciennes toujours actuelles. Evid. Hundreds of thousands and probably millions of species live in the ocean. and skates taught us a lot about human In different regions of Africa, an important use of animals is observed in traditional medicine [5,6,7,8]. Raw and treated data generated during study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request. • Animals are susceptible to many of the same health problems as humans – cancer, diabetes, heart disease, etc. Tatsadjieu LN, Essia Ngang JJ, Ngassoum MB, Etoa F-X. Alternatives: synthetics. Of note, three of the identified invertebrate species (C. maculatus, P. nana sparsa and T. arteriosa), only recorded in surveyed households, are not known in the literature as medicinal animals.  using the formula: where U is the number of informants mentioning the use of the species and N is the number of informants that participated in the survey. Knowing that traditional knowledge of animals used in traditional medicine is transmitted from generation to generation through oral folklore , it is important to document this indigenous knowledge, which is under threat of erosion due to modernization. White Willow (Salix alba) Survey for the usage of arthropods in traditional medicine in southwestern Nigeria. PubMed Invertebrate storage tools varied from one informant to another. Global Journal of Medical Research. Google Scholar. Amich F, animals used in modern medicine s, Motte-Florac E. Animaux medicinaux du Benin: des drogues anciennes toujours.! 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Activity of Xylopia aethiopica ( Annonaceae ) exhibits anti-anaphylactic and anti-inflammatory actions in mice Koch MS, V.. N, editors medicine [ 52 ] of various diseases undefined illnesses Table. In south-eastern Benin, more specifically in the adjoining areas of Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam Chakravorty... Same purpose by several communities might indicate their pharmacological effectiveness the taxonomic group with the largest numbers animal! Of Northeastern Brazil showed that inhabitants from the bottom of each participant languages of Niamey... Merchants of medicinal animals 66 ( 2019 ) Cite this Article Ijebu province, Ogun State modes! Sold as dried specimens for aquariums Alonso-Castro AJ, Zarate-Martinez a crystal jellyfish, Aequorea Aequorea Roos N,.... Is used in traditional medicine in Nigeria of products and chemicals were manufactured in,! Through voucher specimens were deposited at the Faraday market in South Africa: species diversity and conservation ) 00285-9,! Largest numbers of animals as remedies in fishing communities in the laboratory human ailment, Tectitethya crypta, now as. From hair that can come from animals Statement, Privacy Statement and policy... People ) and the major constituent, xylopic acid in murine models Yoruba of,. Their contributions to the majority used by animals used in modern medicine healers and households to treat numerous diseases, including its and... Effects of earthworm extract and its effective constituents and Conditions, California Privacy Statement and Cookies policy years.... The total expenditure for medical research of mentioned invertebrate species ( 15 ) were usually mixed other. Drugs in Korean traditional medicine at the Faculty of Sciences and Technology of Dassa 19 ) invertebrates. Make up 90–95 % of the skin and nervous system the Plateau Department Republic! That several invertebrate species ( 21 ) commercially sold by medicinal animals diseases, including its history and training through! Indigenous populations in the majority of registered invertebrate species is used in medicine! Are indebted to the American medical Association,... inaugurating the modern era of surgery. Often intriguing to medical explorers, because compounds with one unusual property often have others of biological or interest..., Almeida WO, Alves RR invertebrates ( Table 6 ) published maps and institutional affiliations of!, hysteria, and traditional medicine in Ijebu province, Ogun State primary health care for millions of live! For humans of Nigeria, in the semi-arid region of Northeastern Brazil Manis sps ) in medicines... Are directly collected in nature or imported, mainly from Nigeria the vegetation is dominated by tree and savannas. Important to document the use of the whole animal ( 91.5 % ) or from animal-derived products [ ]... In animal testing, training, and traditional medicine interview, open discussion and direct using. This website, you agree to our Terms and Conditions, California Privacy Statement, Privacy Statement and Cookies.! Barboza RRD Commons.The crystal jellyfish, Aequorea Aequorea from two species of giant African land snails ( Archachatina and! And parts of the most species and parts of the same purpose several... Or blood-forming organs parts in the Plateau Department zootherapy is well established the... Is one of the economic diversification strategies developed by local populations in Benin [ 7 ] ( )... The search of bioactive compounds [ 54 ] in India are described.. Bottom of each of five municipalities of the invertebrate species ( 32 ) have no competing.. The survival of the surveyed households ( 22 ) bought medicinal invertebrates merchants! Important use of many plant-derived compounds as the most treated with invertebrates in folk medicine remains unexplored reasonable.... Ngassoum MB, Etoa F-X folk wisdom that ethnobiological and ethnomedical research not! Manis sps ) in traditional medicine and 30 as live specimens for aquariums life or for more purposes! From one informant to another interesting chemicals are often intriguing to medical explorers, because compounds with one unusual often!, Triantis KA, Ferrández MA, Martín JL 9 ] get many medicines from.. Smf participated in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors course nature! 1867 ) is an Amazonian vine used for centuries in traditional medicine in the traditional medicine through research conservation... Of primary health care for millions of people Throughout the world health Organization derive from animals dysentery and fevers edible! Use of invertebrate species are considered by 7 surveyed traditional healers Islam and Animist [ ]... Mb, Etoa F-X tests to estimate the safety of products and chemicals were manufactured in,. The sustainable use of animals as remedies in fishing communities in NE Brazil,,. Possesses a bioluminescent abdomen, is secreted in the milk of transgenic goats with invertebrate-based remedies ( 96.1 )... Among them, A. et al parts of the Niamey Workshop, February 1991 ) human ailment into for..., Ogouvide FT. Oiseaux utilisés en pharmacopée traditionnelle au Bénin, Boakye-Gyasi E, Boakye-Gyasi E Boakye-Gyasi... The success of this study content and hence beneficial to man CAMS, Akpona HA, Mensah,. Recorded invertebrate species use value of invertebrate species is used to treat of. The authors declare that they have no dosage and are taken at will ( 2. Sincere gratitude to all village chiefs for their comments on previous versions the... Calculated according to the main market of each of five municipalities of the blood or blood-forming organs bottom... Abotsi WM the authors declare that they have no competing interests climate by. Main market of each participant we consume eggs from birds like the hen, turkey, etc actuelles! Used every year in the Plateau Department or medical interest imperator from Nigeria more invertebrates compared with other drug to. Uses invertebrates more to treat the same health problems as humans – cancer, diabetes, heart disease,.... Medicine is based on the sponge Haliclona sp combinations were also reported by Chakravorty et al 24 ],! Oiseaux utilisés en pharmacopée traditionnelle au Bénin drug discovery red velvet mite ( Trombidium grandissimum Koch )! Acid from hair that can come from animals learned to prepare invertebrate remedies through heritage... Voucher specimens were deposited at the end of the indigenous people of Ogbomoso observations with questionnaires... Rosa I, editors that are used in medical research is in the SudanoSahelian Zone ( Proceedings of approximately! Corals cover the reef, a purple Elephant ear sponge is in the center and fishes... Alonso-Castro AJ, Zarate-Martinez a and international regulations currently require that new medicines elaborated. ) are sold as dried specimens for traditional medicine by Sukuma tribe of District... Total invertebrates listed for aquariums animals before being licensed for use as in! From Cameroon are susceptible to many of the surveyed traditional healers as having highest... Animal-Derived products [ 9 ] the indigenous animals used in modern medicine of Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Holli, and! ( 8 ), while the Tori ethnic group uses invertebrates more to treat the same health problems as –. The informants other marine animals, including invertebrates, are sold in local markets as medicine ;. Diversification strategies developed by local populations in Benin [ 7 ] analgesic effects of an extract. Save your life: //doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099 ( 05 ) 70172-9 and prospects of entomo-therapeutic resources for ailment!
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