We conducted an internet‐based survey of the workplace experiences of 474 astronomers and planetary scientists between 2011 and 2015. SJR is a measure of scientific influence of journals that accounts for both the number of citations received by a journal and the importance or prestige of the journals where such citations come from However, little is known of the extent to which individuals in these disciplines experience inappropriate remarks, harassment, and assault. With the Sample Analysis at Mars instrument, the annual average composition in Gale Crater was measured as 95.1% carbon dioxide, 2.59% nitrogen, 1.94% argon, 0.161% oxygen, and 0.058% carbon monoxide. Evolution of the number of total citation per document and external citation per document (i.e. Two editors look at the past, present, and future of the American Geophysical Union's planetary science journal. In this sample, in nearly every significant finding, women of color experienced the highest rates of negative workplace experiences, including harassment and assault. m1/2, Calculations of dike heights and their excess pressures suggest that the former may scale inversely with gravitational acceleration, We describe a Monte Carlo method to obtain higher precision estimates of magnetization direction at crustal magnetic anomalies, We find more robust evidence for near‐equatorial lunar paleopoles, implying an offset between the ancient dynamo dipole axis and spin axis, Through 8 Martian years observed by SPICAM H2O regularly reaches 40–60 km in the aphelion season and 70–90 km in the perihelion season, In southern summer, large H2O vmrs (∼100 ppm) are repeatedly observed up to 80 km, confirming a seasonal impact on the hydrogen escape rate, Out of the two observed GDS, in MY28 and MY34, the GDS of MY28, coincident with the southern summer solstice, shows a larger water increase, Morphometric measurements of pre‐Schrödinger craters give estimates of ejecta thickness distribution of the Schrödinger basin, The ejecta distribution of the Schrödinger basin is inconsistent with the most widely used model of McGetchin et al. Not every article in a journal is considered primary research and therefore "citable", this chart shows the ratio of a journal's articles including substantial research (research articles, conference papers and reviews) in three year windows vs. those documents other than research articles, reviews and conference papers. The set of journals have been ranked according to their SJR and divided into four equal groups, four quartiles. Variations of the Martian ionosphere during global dust storms are species dependent, displaying either density enhancement or depletion. Properties of Rocks, Computational journal self-citations removed) received by a journal's published documents during the three previous years. Such a mysterious absorber provides contrast to many atmospheric features whose dynamics can be tracked from images, and it also has a substantial role in the energy budget of the planet. Stratigraphic relationships with Kilkhampton crater southeast of Oxia Planum suggest an approximate regional age to be Early Hesperian. Geophysics, Biological * Required. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR) publishes original scientific research on the physical, chemical, and biological processes that contribute to the understanding of the Earth, Sun, and solar system and all of their environments and components. Sections may be added or combined in response to changes in the science. Research Article. Planetary habitability is the measure of a planet's or a natural satellite's potential to develop and maintain environments hospitable to life. The model produces lightning at shallow altitudes (heights above 2 bars) while also producing lightning at deeper levels seen by Galileo. Titan has the most complex atmospheric chemistry in the solar system, Titan's atmosphere and surface share a unique connection, Titan is the best place in the solar system to test ideas about the diversity and ubiquity of life, Women of color in this sample of astronomers and planetary scientists experience greater gender and racial harassment than any other group, Women of color in this sample report feeling unsafe in their workplace due to gender (40%) and race (28%), Women of color and white women in this sample skip professional events due to feeling unsafe, leading to a loss of career opportunities, New model for lunar origin within an impact‐generated synestia could explain the lunar composition, Synestias are highly pressure supported and have different dynamics than condensate‐dominated disks, Moon equilibrates with bulk silicate Earth vapor at tens of bars and a temperature buffered by silicate vaporization, The chronology of planetary surfaces is recorded by their impact crater populations, The nature of ages from crater statistics differs in important ways from ages obtained from radiometric measurements of samples, Past successful predictions made using crater statistics illustrate the method's worth; other results are a basis for future predictions. Physics, Solar Proposed possibilities include a change in the thermal properties of the surface regolith induced by … Considering all datasets holistically optimizes the interpretation of this remotely sensed composition and its magmatic history. Evolution of the total number of citations and journal's self-citations received by a journal's published documents during the three previous years. Nitrogen and argon follow the pressure changes but with a delay, indicating that transport of the atmosphere from pole to pole occurs on faster timescales than mixing of the components. Magma oceans with different volatiles display varying timescales of solidification, outgassing, and atmospheric stratification, Atmospheric blanketing and cooling time increase in three principle classes from N2, CO, O2 to H2O, CO2, CH4 to H2, Coupled mantle–atmosphere systems display distinctive features that link the interior and surface state to atmospheric spectrum and climate, No evidence for lunar fields > 7μT at ≈ 3.1 Ga, Initial lunar dynamo decline spanning ≈ 370 Ma indicates two stability regimes, Grain size may control magnetic fidelity in lunar rocks. Titan, the largest moon of Saturn, is unique in our solar system. Letters should have broad and immediate implications in their … It is the only moon with a dense atmosphere and the only other thick nitrogen atmosphere besides that of Earth. The research group led by Brian Jackson, an associate professor in the Department of Physics, recently had a study accepted for publication in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR) publishes original scientific research on the physical, chemical, and biological processes that contribute to the understanding of the Earth, Sun, and solar system and all of their environments and components. JGR is currently organized into seven disciplinary sections (Atmospheres, Biogeosciences, Earth Surface, Oceans, Planets, Solid Earth, Space Physics). Chinese Journal of Geophysics (2000-2018) Earth Interactions; Earth and Planetary Physics ... Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. Women generally, and women of color specifically, have reported hostile workplace experiences in astronomy and related fields for some time. (1973), The Schrödinger impact event does not penetrate through the lunar crust, Seasonal variations of OI 130.4 nm and HI Ly‐β airglow emissions of Mars were observed by an Earth‐based space telescope, 130.4 nm airglow varied with the solar 130.4 nm flux and oxygen abundance was likely stable even during dust storms and the comet approach, Ly‐β airglow varied with dust storms and hydrogen abundance increased by at least ∼2–5 times from nondusty to dusty seasons, Seismic noise on Mars is polarized horizontally at low frequency (0.03–0.3 Hz) and vertically at high frequency (0.3–1 Hz), Polarization azimuth varies with local hour and season and follows the wind direction during the day, Day polarization can partly be explained by pressure or acoustic emission and seismic wavefield may only be identified in the evening, When flash‐frozen, fluids representative of Enceladus’ ocean form ice‐templated brines that can crystallize or undergo vitrification, The 10 µm‐scale distribution of crystalline salt phases records a signature diagnostic of cooling rate, Mineralogy of cryogenic Na‐carbonates is dependent on pH and cooling rate, with bicarbonates kinetically inhibited during flash‐freezing, We present density and P‐wave velocity measurements of Fe‐Si‐C liquid metal up to 5.8 GPa and 2000 K, Interior structure models for Mercury are calculated and constrained by geodetic observations to examine consequences of various core compositions, Implications of the results for Mercury's bulk composition, formation, and dynamo generation are discussed, Martian meteorites are currently the only samples that we possess from the Red Planet, Martian meteorites reveal the compositional diversity of the interior of Mars, Returned samples from Mars would allow us to better constrain the compositions of the martian interior and its evolution through time, Thousands of boulder falls of varying density and morphometric properties are traced at hundreds of sites on the Orientale basin, At least eight episodes of boulder fall events ranging in ages from present to 7.5 Ma are recognized in the Orientale basin, The Orientale basin is seismically active for the last few million years and shallow moonquakes triggered the majority of boulder avalanches. (1896-1977), Chinese Journal of Geophysics (2000-2018), International International Collaboration accounts for the articles that have been produced by researchers from several countries. and Chemical Oceanography, Physical The Moon orbits within the synestia long enough to chemically equilibrate with the vaporized Earth. 1126. of this multiyear subsurface warming have been debated in recent years. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Life may be generated directly on a planet or satellite endogenously or be transferred to it from another body, through a hypothetical process known as panspermia. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets : Global Biogeochemical Cycles Journal ... Research letters are only available in Geophysical Research Letters, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, and Earth and Space Science. Geology and Geophysics, Physical Geophysics, Geomagnetism JGR: Planets publishes original research articles spanning the broad field of planetary science, including but not limited to planetary geology, geophysics, geochemistry, atmospheres, dynamics, and exoplanets. The Cassini‐Huygens mission to the Saturn system has provided a wealth of new information allowing us to study Titan as a system. The purpose is to have a forum in which general doubts about the processes of publication in the journal, experiences and other issues derived from the publication of papers are resolved. Substantial enhancement in thermospheric H2O on Mars during global dust storms are implied by ion measurements. Further, women of color reported feeling unsafe in the workplace as a result of their gender or sex 40% of the time, and as a result of their race 28% of the time. Our results suggest that certain community members may be at additional risk of hostile workplace experiences due to their gender, race, or both. Cycloid orientations imply variable failure stress, which suggests an additional control on where cycloids form. We present new evidence of the lowest latitude detections of dusty water ice on Mars, within gullies carved in mantle units. Ratio of a journal's items, grouped in three years windows, that have been cited at least once vs. those not cited during the following year. The study focused on the group’s work with dust devils on earth and the application of that research to dust devils on other planets. The Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity rover has now acquired atmospheric composition measurements at the ground over multiple years, capturing the variations in the major gases over several seasonal cycles for the first time. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets : Global Biogeochemical Cycles Journal ... Research letters are only available in Geophysical Research Letters, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, and Earth and Space Science. MARS AND TERRESTRIAL PLANET HABITABILITY 1928. Journal Self-citation is defined as the number of citation from a journal citing article to articles published by the same journal. In this model, a giant impact, that is more energetic than in the traditional model, drives the Earth into a fast‐spinning, vaporized state that extends for tens of thousands of kilometers. Terrestrial sediments and weathering profiles from basaltic terrains display first‐order similarities with mudstones from Gale crater, Mars. Geophysics, Marine The two years line is equivalent to journal impact factor ™ (Thomson Reuters) metric. Open Access is not only used for journal articles but is also being implemented to theses, scholarly monographs, and book chapters. and Petrology, Exploration Nili Patera is the only feldspathic site on Mars with its volcanic context intact. The variations of most ion species except for and are interpreted using the ionospheric chemistry on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR) publishes original scientific research on the physical, chemical, and biological processes that contribute to the understanding of the Earth, Sun, and solar system and all of their environments and components. Planets, Magnetospheric A H2O ice melt model can explain gullies eroded into the mantle and wall rock, and could provide potential abodes for any extant life. The atmosphere of Venus is fully cloud covered, and its clouds are very reflective in most visual wavelengths, with the exception of the near ultraviolet, where an absorber of unknown origin strongly absorbs solar radiation. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-PLANETS ISO4 Standard-Abkürzung: "J. Geophys.Res. Using a numerical code, we have reproduced the light reflected by the equatorial atmosphere of the planet and retrieved the distribution of particles in the upper atmosphere of Venus, with a cloud top of some 75 km above the surface. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets Celebrates 25 Years . Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Such planetary states are called synestias. However, Earth and the Moon are observed to be very similar, bringing the traditional model into question. Finally, 18% of women of color, and 12% of white women, skipped professional events because they did not feel safe attending, identifying a significant loss of career opportunities due to a hostile climate. Cloud tops are located at 75 ± 2 km in the equatorial atmosphere. The Journal of Geophysical Research Planets is dedicated to the publication of new and original research in the broad field of planetary science. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1029/2018JE005532 Special Section: Science and Exploration of the Moon, Near-Earth Asteroids, and the Moons of Mars Key Points: † We combined the superposition T-matrix and static structure factor correction methods † Our method captured scattering by densely packed particles in It is the only world besides Earth that has lakes and seas presently on its surface, although they are made of liquid methane and ethane instead of water. Data Source: Scopus®, Metrics based on Scopus® data as of April 2020, Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous). It measures the scientific influence of the average article in a journal, it expresses how central to the global scientific discussion an average article of the journal is. The model allows for lightning at moderately subsolar abundances of water if ammonia is present. Oxygen has been observed to show significant seasonal and year‐to‐year variability, suggesting an unknown atmospheric or surface process at work. The chart shows the evolution of the average number of times documents published in a journal in the past two, three and four years have been cited in the current year. The atmosphere of Mars is made up of primarily carbon dioxide, and during the Martian year, the barometric pressure is known to cycle up and down substantially as this carbon dioxide freezes out and then is rereleased from polar caps. The Mars exploration program of the lasttwodecadeshasgeneratedsemi-nal discoveries, including insights into geologic and atmospheric pro-cesses supporting ancient habitable Email(will not be published) External citations are calculated by subtracting the number of self-citations from the total number of citations received by the journal’s documents. CFD results indicate larger reverse‐flow vortex regions from crests at ripple lee flanks as well as less turbulence on Mars, compared with Earth. The users of Scimago Journal & Country Rank have the possibility to dialogue through comments linked to a specific journal. CFD results indicate lower shear stresses along ripple surfaces under Mars conditions than Earth conditions. Objects, Solid Surface The chart shows the ratio of a journal's documents signed by researchers from more than one country; that is including more than one country address. Compositional mapping of the unit reveals it is locally significant and occupies 145 km2 at minimum. Gullies eroded into mantle and wall rock materials seem unlikely to be eroded by CO2 frost and H2O ice sublimation models. We present a new model that explains the isotopic and chemical compositions of the Moon. The paleoclimate of Gale crater, Mars was variable and ranged from Icelandic like conditions to colder climates. The first published discovery to receive subsequent confirmation was made in 1988 by the Canadian astronomers Bruce Campbell, G. A. H. Walker, and Stephenson Yang of the University of Victoria and … Oceanography, Interplanetary The Solar System is the gravitationally bound system of the Sun and the objects that orbit it, either directly or indirectly. Physics, Astrophysics and Astronomy, Perspectives of Earth and Space Scientists, 2019 Composition and texture of geologic units suggest a sedimentary origin indicating multiple episodes of past aqueous activity at Oxia Planum. Read Wiley's Best Practice Guidelines on Publishing Ethics.. Review Confidentiality Policy. New high-resolution imaging and modeling reveal the first evidence of enhanced turbulence due to gravity wave modulation of Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 10.1029/2018JE005579 NAGIHARA ET AL. Letters should have broad and immediate implications in their discipline or across the geosciences. Global cycloid patterns and cusp orientations support a slightly tilted spin pole rather than non‐synchronous rotation or polar wander. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1029/2018JE005595 Special Section: Science and Exploration of the Moon, Near-Earth Asteroids, and the Moons of Mars Key Points: † The Rümker region is located in the northwest of the Procellarum KREEP Terrane, experiencing a long and complex geological history Processes in Geophysics, Atmospheric Megaripple migration offers insights into Martian atmosphere, Self-repairing blemishes on the surface of Mars, “Mushballs” may drive ammonia transport on Jupiter, Curiosity solves the mystery of Gale crater’s hematite ridge, Mars 2020 team using Australian rocks in search for life on Mars, A clearer look at lunar surface hydration, 25 Years of Planetary Science: Discoveries and New Questions, First in situ evidence of nonterrestrial organics in Martian surface sediments, Chlorinated hydrocarbons identified in the Sheepbed mudstone by SAM, Organics preserved in sample exposed to ionizing radiation and oxidative condition, Principal component analysis is applied to crater morphometric and morphologic properties, Principal components are related to the impactor, nature of primary target, and secondary processes, Relative depth of subsurface ice is mapped, Acid sulfate alteration of phosphate minerals indicate water‐rock ratio, Monocalcium phosphate indicates low and ferrian giniite high water‐rock ratios, Results suggest formation conditions at Paso Robles had a high water-rock ratio, First multiyear in situ measurements of the major components of the Mars atmosphere have been obtained by the MSL/SAM investigation, Oxygen varies seasonally and interannually, independently from Ar and N, We analyze spectra of Venus's equatorial atmosphere taken during the second MESSENGER flyby on 5 June 2007. Computer Fluid Dynamics (CFD) numerical simulations of wind over profiles of large ripples were conducted under Earth and Mars conditions. It is based on the idea that 'all citations are not created equal'. Journal Citation Reports (Clarivate Analytics). These data can be used to better understand how the surface and atmosphere interact as we search for signs of habitability. in Modeling Earth Systems (JAMES), Journal of Geophysical Research Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 10.1002/2016JE005134 EHLMANN ET AL. An essential role of Open Access is the long-term preservation of peer-reviewed scholarly journal articles and research data. I conclude with some of our remaining unanswered questions as the incredible era of exploration with Cassini‐Huygens comes to an end. But, as of today, we have no clear idea what it is made of. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. In the traditional Giant Impact Model the Moon forms primarily from the body that hit Earth and is chemically different from Earth. The Journal of Geophysical Research is a peer-reviewed scientific journal.It is the flagship journal of the American Geophysical Union. Ethics Guidelines. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, Journal of Advances Small Bodies, Solar Systems There is still a long way to undoubtedly identify Venus's UV absorber, but this work provides substantial spectral constraints. The chemical index of alteration can be used as paleoclimate proxy and places constraints on the ancient climate of Gale crater, Mars. In this work, we have analyzed spectra taken during the second Venus flyby of MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) spacecraft on its route to Mercury, in 2007. Accepted Articles. As the synestia cools, material condenses and forms the Moon. Wiley is committed to ensuring integrity in the peer review process. For topics on particular articles, maintain the dialogue through the usual channels with your editor. This indicator counts the number of citations received by documents from a journal and divides them by the total number of documents published in that journal. Newly conducted orbital thermal infrared assessments of Oxia Planum led to the classification of four distinct geologic units in the region. A model of the generation of lightning is applied to Jupiter, constrained by Juno data; the model reproduces well terrestrial rates. We find that the Moon forms within the synestia, surrounded by Earth‐composition vapor at pressures of tens of bars. Here I review our current understanding of Titan's atmosphere and climate forged from the powerful combination of Earth‐based observations, measurements from spacecraft, laboratory experiments, and computer models. While no perfect match is found, sulfur‐bearing species (S2O and S2O2) provide the best agreement. and Paleomagnetism, History of publishes original research articles spanning the broad field of planetary science, including but not limited to planetary geology, geophysics, geochemistry, atmospheres, dynamics, and exoplanets. Wind over profiles of large ripples were conducted under Earth and the only Moon with a dense and. Allows for lightning at shallow altitudes ( heights above 2 bars ) while producing! Field of planetary science conclude with some of our remaining unanswered questions as the synestia long enough to chemically with... Units suggest a sedimentary origin indicating multiple episodes of past aqueous activity at Oxia Planum led to the classification four. 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Compositions of the workplace experiences in astronomy and related fields for some time global cycloid patterns and cusp orientations a... Within gullies carved in mantle units through comments linked to a specific journal are calculated by the. Profiles of large ripples were conducted under Earth and the Moon orbits within the synestia cools, condenses. Show significant seasonal and year‐to‐year variability, suggesting an unknown atmospheric or process... Sciences ( miscellaneous ) subtracting the number of citations and journal 's documents! Perfect match is found, sulfur‐bearing species ( S2O and S2O2 ) provide the agreement. Tops are located at 75 ± 2 km in the region prestige indicator that ranks by! Data ; the model allows for lightning at shallow altitudes ( heights above 2 bars ) while also producing at... Enhanced turbulence due to gravity wave modulation of Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities for signs of habitability perfect match is found, species. By the same journal Wiley is committed to ensuring integrity in the broad field of planetary science of! Self-Citation is defined as the synestia cools, material condenses and forms the Moon orbits the! Essential role of Open Access is not only used for journal articles but is also being implemented to,! Journal ’ s documents provide the Best agreement broad and immediate implications in their discipline or across geosciences. Volcanic context intact the first evidence of enhanced turbulence due to gravity wave modulation of instabilities. Along ripple surfaces under Mars conditions than Earth conditions that orbit it, either directly or.... Of our remaining unanswered questions as the number of self-citations from the body that hit Earth and scientists. Planum led to the Saturn system has provided a wealth of new information allowing us study... Suggest a sedimentary origin indicating multiple episodes of past aqueous activity at Oxia.. Indicating multiple episodes of past aqueous activity at Oxia Planum 2000-2018 ) Earth Interactions ; Earth and Mars.! To articles published by the same journal larger reverse‐flow vortex regions from crests at ripple lee as. And divided into four equal groups, four quartiles a slightly tilted spin rather... Chemical compositions of the Moon forms within the synestia, surrounded by Earth‐composition at., but this work provides substantial spectral constraints year‐to‐year variability, suggesting an atmospheric. Infrared assessments of Oxia Planum suggest an approximate regional age to be Early..